Oh. I've found myself unable to keep up with that nasty origin-of-life 'thread.' I think I created a monster. So many required readings before I can form an opinion! Yes, I do form an opinion only after an exhaustive study. Sorry, guys (yes, that means the two of you). This means that, meanwhile, I take some rest by taking up something new that interests me in the interim: how man invents a multitude of ethical theories. Fascinating, right? No, it's more of funny to me. I'm thinking of making fun of each. I'm just getting started, so bear with me. This is just a Post-it note-to-self thing:
Kant’s Theory of Deontology - "one’s moral decisions should be made solely or primarily by considering one’s duties and the rights of others. If you choose to perform a certain act as a duty to someone then it should be a duty towards all other individuals as well."
Bentham & Mill’s Utilitarianism - "the moral worth of an action or policy is solely determined by its contribution to overall utility. As a normative ethical theory, it places the locus of right and wrong solely on the outcomes or consequences of choosing one action or policy over other actions or policies." Or, to put it simply: “one ought to maximize the happiness and minimize the unhappiness of as many people as possible.”
The Moral Rights or Moral Principles approach - "knowing the difference between right and wrong."
Universalism - Isn't this the golden rule or something? - "treat people the way you would want to be treated." - Note how this theory has an equivalent in each and every major religion.
Cost-Benefit Analysis - "the person balances the cost and benefit of taking versus not taking a particular action."
Friday, April 13, 2007
Posted by R.O. at 11:33 AM